History

History of London Rathayatra

1967
For over 5000 years the Rathayatra festival has been celebrated in India by millions of pilgrims. This transcendental festival was brought from India to the west in 1967 by the founder of the Hare Krishna movement: His divine grace A.C.Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. The Rathayatra festival is now celebrated every summer in over 200 cities around the world.


1969
London’s first Rathayatra took place in 1969. The festival was arranged by 8 
pioneering devotees and their congregation. The procession started at Marble 
arch and proceeded to Trafalgar Square. Shyamasundar Dasa built the first chariot for Lord Jagannath in London. Headlines in national papers read “Krishna Chant Startles London”. Srila Prabhupada instructed “make the Deities so beautiful that everyone 
will be attracted to them”. Under this direct order Shyamasundar Dasa
 carved  the Deities of Jagannath Baladeva and Subhadra. These Deities are still 
worshiped in London today, and once a year they come out of the temple to 
ride through London to Trafalgar Square.


1970
A new year, a new chariot a 50 foot high chariot proceeded majestically 
through the streets, whilst on all sides Londoners chanted and danced in great 
happiness. The Back to Godhead Magazine stated “Londoners still have not 
recovered from that initial shock of that transcendental sound vibration in 
1969. The Radha Krishna Temple (music band) has not let them”. The devotees 
in London, now numbering 30, continued to bombard England with Hare 
Krishna on records, television and radio.
They were also in the movies, 
newspapers and magazines. Devotees chanted and danced down Oxford Street 
every day. This was the first major Rathayatra with devotees from all over 
Europe and America attending. This was the beginning of the fulfillment 
of Lord Chaitanya prophesy that the chanting would take place “In every town 
and Village”. The Hare Krishna devotees overtook Leicester square with huge flashing 
billboards announcing “Holy Jagannath Car Procession”. All the newspapers were filled with descriptions of the 1970 Rathayatra, 
they had never seen anything like this in London before. On seeing these 
headlines Srila Prabhupada stated. “You see my devotees have conquered 
London”.


1973
This was a special year because the Rathayatra was attended by His Divine 
Grace Srila Prabhupada Founder Acharya of ISKCON. Although Srila Prabhupada 
was 74 years of age, he chanted and danced throughout the entire procession. He ignored the elegant seat on the chariot, which was offered to him, much 
to the delight of the assembled devotees. This festival was Srila 
Prabhupada’s triumphant moment looking out at thousands of people chanting 
the Holy name in Trafalgar Square. This festival was organised by the young Maha Vishnu Swami (a current leader 
of the Hare Krishna movement), who donated £10,000 pounds left to him in a 
will to make this an extraordinary festival with publicity on public buses 
and a feature film made. The Police commentated “this was the most delightful of public displays that 
they had ever seen, everyone was perfectly mannered”. The next day front page headlines of the Guardian newspaper read “ISKCON 
Rathayatha is rival to Nelson’s column”. Srila Prabhupada writes in Caitanya 
Caritamrita. “Just as the residents of Puri compared the Rathayatra cart to Mount Sumeru, the residents of London considered the cart rival to the Nelson Monument.”


1985
Rathayatra now proceeded from Marble Arch to Battersea Park, allowing for 
a larger festival at the end of the procession. What followed were years of 
memorable outdoor stage performances, dances, dramas, and transcendental 
chanting. The park provided a family atmosphere on the banks of the river 
Thames.


1996
This year marked the ‘Prabhupada Centennial’, the 100th Anniversary of 
Srila Prabhupada’s appearance in this world. The procession had over 8,000 people on it in 1996. This was made even more momentous 
by the news that after a decade of struggle, Bhaktivedanta Manor (the temple near Watford) was to remain open for public worship.


1999
The Festival returned to the original route, and to its original promise of Ratha 
yatra, as a festival where the Lord gives His audience to the whole of London. A 
triumphant return to a new and traffic free Trafalgar Square was made. To 
celebrate this event over 10 Sannyasis (senior leaders of the movement) 
attended this event and it was filmed for the international TV series Abhay 
Charan.


2004
After many years of caring for the Rathayatra chariot, Titikshu Dasa gained permission from the local authorities to build two more glorious chariots for the London Rathayatra. From this year onward London has three chariots to make this colourful procession and festival even more spectacular. Also in 2004 (as if by miracle) Trafalgar Square was redesigned so the top terrace was opened up. This 
provided a means to display the three chariots, and the new steps allowed 
everyone a clear view of  Their Lordships on the three chariots. The procession was now befitting London’s status as the world’s leading city.


2008
The chariot which has been in service for the last 26 years was completely 
rebuilt this year. The Queen’s wheelwright was commissioned to make the huge 
wooden wheels in the traditional style. The carpentry and paintwork is all 
the work of dedicated volunteers. These chariots are built to last at least 
25 years.
The chariots are built to last, and so is this Rathayatra festival. As the 
years go by Rathayatra is becoming established as a prestigious 
event.


2018
50th London Rathayatra – the story continues …